Adult Problems

The Center is equipped to diagnose and treat any sleep disorder or sleep-related symptom. Some of the more common problems the Center deals with are listed below.

Obstructive Sleep Apnea
This is a common problem that causes loud snoring and excessive daytime sleepiness. People with this problem stop breathing during sleep. These breathing pauses are called apneas and are almost always accompanied by snoring , although not everyone who snores has this condition. People with sleep apnea may wake up choking or gasping for breath or wake themselves up with their snoring. Sleep apnea disrupts sleep and can cause early morning headaches and excessive daytime sleepiness. Early recognition and treatment of sleep apnea is important because it may be associated with irregular heartbeat, high blood pressure, heart attack, and stroke. See The National Institutes of Health Sleep Disorder Center website for more detailed information about sleep apnea: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/SleepApnea/SleepApnea_WhatIs.html

Excessive Daytime Sleepiness
Excessive daytime sleepiness is a frequent complaint with potentially sever consequences including impaired job performance, automobile accidents, and a reduced ability to enjoy the pleasures of life. Although often thought to be caused by overwork or psychological problems, daytime sleepiness can be a symptom of an several different medical disorders. Recent research has enabled us to find the cause of nearly all cases of excessive daytime sleepiness and begin treatment which can dramatically improve the quality of life. See The National Institutes of Health Sleep Disorder Center website for more detailed information about excessive daytime sleepiness: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/public/sleep/pslp_fs.htm

Narcolepsy
Narcolepsy is a disease that causes people to have excessive and overwhelming daytime sleepiness. People with narcolepsy may have recurrent attacks of this during the day. For a detailed description of narcolepsy including its diagnosis and treatment go the National Institutes of Health Sleep Disorders Center website Facts about Narcolepsy: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/public/sleep/narcolep.htm

Periodic Limb Movements with Arousal and Restless Legs Syndrome
This is a disease in which people repeatedly jerk their legs or arms during sleep and wake themselves up. Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a disorder in which a person experiences unpleasant sensations in the legs described as creeping, crawling, tingling, pulling, or painful. Both conditions can be treated. For more information on these conditions see the National Institutes of Health Sleep Disorders Center website: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/public/sleep/rls.htm

Insomnia
Insomnia is the inability to fall asleep or to stay asleep. This can lead to difficulty thinking, concentrating and to poor daytime performance. There are many causes of insomnia most of which can be treated. For a complete discussion of insomnia see the National Institutes of Health Sleep Center website: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/public/sleep/insomina.htm

Irregular Sleep-Wake Schedules
Jet lag and night or rotating shift work cause changes in the body's circadian rhythms and can lead to irritability, daytime sleepiness and depression. The Sleep Disorders Center can offer you help in coping with this disruptive problem. Sleepwalking and Related Symptoms Walking, moving, talking, screaming, and other behaviors in sleep are frightening and may lead to injuries. For example sleepwalking presents a danger of accidental injury and, furthermore, can be a sign of medical illness or psychological stress. Effective therapies are now available for most of these conditions.