bbfl1.html

Epinet 

Uniform Blood and Body Fluid Exposure Report
77 Hospitals, 1993-1995

Total Cases: 1230

JOB CATEGORY
M.D. (attending/staff) 7 1%
M.D. (intern/resident/fellow) 35 3%
Medical student 6 0%
Nurse RN/LPN 816 66%
Nursing student 20 2%
Respiratory therapist 40 3%
Surgery attendant 4 0%
Other attendant 135 11%
Phlebotomist/venipuncture/I.V. team 33 3%
Clinical laboratory worker 6 0%
Technologist (non-lab) 21 2%
Dentist 0 0%
Dental hygienist 0 0%
Housekeeper/laundry worker 6 0%
Other 95 8%
( 3 missing)


PLACE OF OCCURRENCE
Where did the injury occur in the institution?
Patient room 1230 100%
Outside patient room 0 0%
Emergency department 0 0%
Intensive/critical care unit 0 0%
Operating room 0 0%
Outpatient clinic/office 0 0%
Blood bank 0 0%
Venipuncture 0 0%
Dialysis facility 0 0%
Procedure room 0 0%
Clinical laboratories 0 0%
Autopsy/pathology 0 0%
Service/utility area 0 0%
Other 0 0%
( 0 missing)


SOURCE PATIENT
Was the source patient known?
Yes 1182 96%
No 18 1%
Unknown 15 1%
N/A 9 1%
( 2 missing)


BODY FLUIDS
Which body fluids were involved in the exposure?
Blood or blood product 671 55%
Vomit 52 4%
CSF 3 0%
Peritoneal fluid 14 1%
Pleural fluid 16 1%
Amniotic fluid 21 2%
Urine 142 12%
Other 292 24%


EXPOSED PART
Was the exposed part:
Intact skin 498 40%
Non-intact skin 248 20%
Eye(s) 634 52%
Nose 61 5%
Mouth 146 12%
Other 34 3%


TYPE OF EXPOSURE
Did the blood or body fluid:
Touch unprotected skin 1093 89%
Touch skin through gap between protective garments 72 6%
Soak through protective garment 14 1%
Soak through clothing 87 7%


PROTECTIVE ITEMS WORN
Which protective items were worn at the time of the exposure?
Single pair latex/vinyl gloves 741 60%
Double pair latex/vinyl gloves 55 4%
Goggles 16 1%
Eyeglasses 127 10%
Faceshield 5 0%
Surgical mask 57 5%
Surgical gown 62 5%
Plastic apron 4 0%
Lab coat, cloth 102 8%
Lab coat, other 9 1%
Other item 77 6%


RESULT
Was the exposure the result of:
Direct patient exposure 646 53%
Specimen container leaked/spilled 57 5%
Specimen container broke 16 1%
IV tubing/bag/pump leaked 146 12%
Other body fluid container spilled/leaked 123 10%
Touched contaminated equipment 27 2%
Touched contaimnated drapes/sheets, etc. 12 1%
Unknown 9 1%
Other 179 15%
( 7 missing)


TIME IN CONTACT
For how long was the blood or body fluid in contact with your skin or mucous membranes?
Less than 5 minutes 986 80%
5-14 minutes 164 13%
15 minutes - 1 hour 49 4%
More than 1 hour 17 1%
( 10 missing)


QUANTITY
Estimate the quantity of blood/body fluid that came in contact with your skin or mucous membranes:
Small amount (up to 5 cc) 1069 87%
Moderate amount (5-50 cc) 110 9%
Large amount (more than 50 cc) 32 3%


BODY PART
Right hand, back 121
Right hand, front 93
Left hand, front 76
Left hand, back 60
Right arm 93
Left arm 77
Head 1162
Chest 53
Back 4
Mid-body 18
Right leg 22
Left leg 19
Right foot 13
Left foot 12


OSHA
Is this incident OSHA reportable?
Yes 159 13%
No 815 66%
( 250 missing)


For those cases that are OSHA reportable:
Cumulative number of days away from work: 0
Cumulative number of days of restricted work activity: 0