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Epinet 

Uniform Blood and Body Fluid Exposure Report
77 Hospitals, 1993-1995

Total Cases: 95

JOB CATEGORY
M.D. (attending/staff) 0 0%
M.D. (intern/resident/fellow) 0 0%
Medical student 0 0%
Nurse RN/LPN 0 0%
Nursing student 0 0%
Respiratory therapist 95 100%
Surgery attendant 0 0%
Other attendant 0 0%
Phlebotomist/venipuncture/I.V. team 0 0%
Clinical laboratory worker 0 0%
Technologist (non-lab) 0 0%
Dentist 0 0%
Dental hygienist 0 0%
Housekeeper/laundry worker 0 0%
Other 0 0%
( 0 missing)


PLACE OF OCCURRENCE
Where did the injury occur in the institution?
Patient room 40 42%
Outside patient room 2 2%
Emergency department 9 9%
Intensive/critical care unit 31 33%
Operating room 2 2%
Outpatient clinic/office 0 0%
Blood bank 0 0%
Venipuncture 0 0%
Dialysis facility 1 1%
Procedure room 3 3%
Clinical laboratories 1 1%
Autopsy/pathology 0 0%
Service/utility area 0 0%
Other 6 6%
( 0 missing)


SOURCE PATIENT
Was the source patient known?
Yes 88 93%
No 3 3%
Unknown 1 1%
N/A 3 3%
( 0 missing)


BODY FLUIDS
Which body fluids were involved in the exposure?
Blood or blood product 41 43%
Vomit 6 6%
CSF 0 0%
Peritoneal fluid 0 0%
Pleural fluid 3 3%
Amniotic fluid 1 1%
Urine 1 1%
Other 37 39%


EXPOSED PART
Was the exposed part:
Intact skin 36 38%
Non-intact skin 11 12%
Eye(s) 62 65%
Nose 7 7%
Mouth 14 15%
Other 4 4%


TYPE OF EXPOSURE
Did the blood or body fluid:
Touch unprotected skin 90 95%
Touch skin through gap between protective garments 5 5%
Soak through protective garment 2 2%
Soak through clothing 3 3%


PROTECTIVE ITEMS WORN
Which protective items were worn at the time of the exposure?
Single pair latex/vinyl gloves 63 66%
Double pair latex/vinyl gloves 2 2%
Goggles 4 4%
Eyeglasses 16 17%
Faceshield 0 0%
Surgical mask 9 9%
Surgical gown 10 11%
Plastic apron 0 0%
Lab coat, cloth 16 17%
Lab coat, other 1 1%
Other item 9 9%


RESULT
Was the exposure the result of:
Direct patient exposure 47 49%
Specimen container leaked/spilled 8 8%
Specimen container broke 2 2%
IV tubing/bag/pump leaked 3 3%
Other body fluid container spilled/leaked 9 9%
Touched contaminated equipment 5 5%
Touched contaimnated drapes/sheets, etc. 0 0%
Unknown 0 0%
Other 19 20%
( 1 missing)


TIME IN CONTACT
For how long was the blood or body fluid in contact with your skin or mucous membranes?
Less than 5 minutes 82 86%
5-14 minutes 10 11%
15 minutes - 1 hour 2 2%
More than 1 hour 1 1%
( 0 missing)


QUANTITY
Estimate the quantity of blood/body fluid that came in contact with your skin or mucous membranes:
Small amount (up to 5 cc) 86 91%
Moderate amount (5-50 cc) 7 7%
Large amount (more than 50 cc) 1 1%


BODY PART
Right hand, back 6
Right hand, front 4
Left hand, front 9
Left hand, back 2
Right arm 5
Left arm 5
Head 111
Chest 1
Back 0
Mid-body 0
Right leg 0
Left leg 0
Right foot 0
Left foot 0


OSHA
Is this incident OSHA reportable?
Yes 24 25%
No 50 53%
( 20 missing)


For those cases that are OSHA reportable:
Cumulative number of days away from work: 0
Cumulative number of days of restricted work activity: 0