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Epinet 

Uniform Blood and Body Fluid Exposure Report
77 Hospitals, 1993-1995

Total Cases: 1500

JOB CATEGORY
M.D. (attending/staff) 0 0%
M.D. (intern/resident/fellow) 0 0%
Medical student 0 0%
Nurse RN/LPN 1500 100%
Nursing student 0 0%
Respiratory therapist 0 0%
Surgery attendant 0 0%
Other attendant 0 0%
Phlebotomist/venipuncture/I.V. team 0 0%
Clinical laboratory worker 0 0%
Technologist (non-lab) 0 0%
Dentist 0 0%
Dental hygienist 0 0%
Housekeeper/laundry worker 0 0%
Other 0 0%
( 0 missing)


PLACE OF OCCURRENCE
Where did the injury occur in the institution?
Patient room 816 54%
Outside patient room 47 3%
Emergency department 121 8%
Intensive/critical care unit 214 14%
Operating room 122 8%
Outpatient clinic/office 33 2%
Blood bank 1 0%
Venipuncture 1 0%
Dialysis facility 5 0%
Procedure room 37 2%
Clinical laboratories 1 0%
Autopsy/pathology 0 0%
Service/utility area 6 0%
Other 94 6%
( 0 missing)


SOURCE PATIENT
Was the source patient known?
Yes 1452 97%
No 22 1%
Unknown 15 1%
N/A 6 0%
( 2 missing)


BODY FLUIDS
Which body fluids were involved in the exposure?
Blood or blood product 927 62%
Vomit 73 5%
CSF 3 0%
Peritoneal fluid 23 2%
Pleural fluid 10 1%
Amniotic fluid 27 2%
Urine 137 9%
Other 348 23%


EXPOSED PART
Was the exposed part:
Intact skin 598 40%
Non-intact skin 298 20%
Eye(s) 781 52%
Nose 66 4%
Mouth 170 11%
Other 45 3%


TYPE OF EXPOSURE
Did the blood or body fluid:
Touch unprotected skin 1302 87%
Touch skin through gap between protective garments 103 7%
Soak through protective garment 24 2%
Soak through clothing 112 7%


PROTECTIVE ITEMS WORN
Which protective items were worn at the time of the exposure?
Single pair latex/vinyl gloves 885 59%
Double pair latex/vinyl gloves 71 5%
Goggles 47 3%
Eyeglasses 199 13%
Faceshield 31 2%
Surgical mask 137 9%
Surgical gown 111 7%
Plastic apron 10 1%
Lab coat, cloth 93 6%
Lab coat, other 8 1%
Other item 110 7%


RESULT
Was the exposure the result of:
Direct patient exposure 771 51%
Specimen container leaked/spilled 61 4%
Specimen container broke 25 2%
IV tubing/bag/pump leaked 179 12%
Other body fluid container spilled/leaked 119 8%
Touched contaminated equipment 36 2%
Touched contaimnated drapes/sheets, etc. 18 1%
Unknown 9 1%
Other 262 17%
( 9 missing)


TIME IN CONTACT
For how long was the blood or body fluid in contact with your skin or mucous membranes?
Less than 5 minutes 1199 80%
5-14 minutes 188 13%
15 minutes - 1 hour 67 4%
More than 1 hour 27 2%
( 15 missing)


QUANTITY
Estimate the quantity of blood/body fluid that came in contact with your skin or mucous membranes:
Small amount (up to 5 cc) 1276 85%
Moderate amount (5-50 cc) 149 10%
Large amount (more than 50 cc) 55 4%


BODY PART
Right hand, back 141
Right hand, front 126
Left hand, front 116
Left hand, back 69
Right arm 102
Left arm 77
Head 1437
Chest 65
Back 3
Mid-body 19
Right leg 41
Left leg 26
Right foot 10
Left foot 9


OSHA
Is this incident OSHA reportable?
Yes 193 13%
No 966 64%
( 334 missing)


For those cases that are OSHA reportable:
Cumulative number of days away from work: 0
Cumulative number of days of restricted work activity: 0