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Epinet 

Uniform Blood and Body Fluid Exposure Report
77 Hospitals, 1993-1995

Total Cases: 128

JOB CATEGORY
M.D. (attending/staff) 0 0%
M.D. (intern/resident/fellow) 128 100%
Medical student 0 0%
Nurse RN/LPN 0 0%
Nursing student 0 0%
Respiratory therapist 0 0%
Surgery attendant 0 0%
Other attendant 0 0%
Phlebotomist/venipuncture/I.V. team 0 0%
Clinical laboratory worker 0 0%
Technologist (non-lab) 0 0%
Dentist 0 0%
Dental hygienist 0 0%
Housekeeper/laundry worker 0 0%
Other 0 0%
( 0 missing)


PLACE OF OCCURRENCE
Where did the injury occur in the institution?
Patient room 35 27%
Outside patient room 1 1%
Emergency department 13 10%
Intensive/critical care unit 14 11%
Operating room 36 28%
Outpatient clinic/office 6 5%
Blood bank 0 0%
Venipuncture 0 0%
Dialysis facility 1 1%
Procedure room 15 12%
Clinical laboratories 1 1%
Autopsy/pathology 0 0%
Service/utility area 0 0%
Other 6 5%
( 0 missing)


SOURCE PATIENT
Was the source patient known?
Yes 125 98%
No 2 2%
Unknown 1 1%
N/A 0 0%
( 0 missing)


BODY FLUIDS
Which body fluids were involved in the exposure?
Blood or blood product 97 76%
Vomit 3 2%
CSF 2 2%
Peritoneal fluid 1 1%
Pleural fluid 4 3%
Amniotic fluid 6 5%
Urine 5 4%
Other 21 16%


EXPOSED PART
Was the exposed part:
Intact skin 50 39%
Non-intact skin 18 14%
Eye(s) 87 68%
Nose 6 5%
Mouth 16 13%
Other 2 2%


TYPE OF EXPOSURE
Did the blood or body fluid:
Touch unprotected skin 106 83%
Touch skin through gap between protective garments 24 19%
Soak through protective garment 8 6%
Soak through clothing 11 9%


PROTECTIVE ITEMS WORN
Which protective items were worn at the time of the exposure?
Single pair latex/vinyl gloves 70 55%
Double pair latex/vinyl gloves 24 19%
Goggles 7 5%
Eyeglasses 30 23%
Faceshield 5 4%
Surgical mask 50 39%
Surgical gown 33 26%
Plastic apron 0 0%
Lab coat, cloth 18 14%
Lab coat, other 2 2%
Other item 11 9%


RESULT
Was the exposure the result of:
Direct patient exposure 80 63%
Specimen container leaked/spilled 8 6%
Specimen container broke 0 0%
IV tubing/bag/pump leaked 11 9%
Other body fluid container spilled/leaked 7 5%
Touched contaminated equipment 2 2%
Touched contaimnated drapes/sheets, etc. 2 2%
Unknown 1 1%
Other 16 13%
( 1 missing)


TIME IN CONTACT
For how long was the blood or body fluid in contact with your skin or mucous membranes?
Less than 5 minutes 83 65%
5-14 minutes 28 22%
15 minutes - 1 hour 14 11%
More than 1 hour 2 2%
( 1 missing)


QUANTITY
Estimate the quantity of blood/body fluid that came in contact with your skin or mucous membranes:
Small amount (up to 5 cc) 113 88%
Moderate amount (5-50 cc) 9 7%
Large amount (more than 50 cc) 6 5%


BODY PART
Right hand, back 11
Right hand, front 3
Left hand, front 4
Left hand, back 7
Right arm 11
Left arm 2
Head 158
Chest 8
Back 0
Mid-body 2
Right leg 1
Left leg 1
Right foot 0
Left foot 0


OSHA
Is this incident OSHA reportable?
Yes 11 9%
No 99 77%
( 18 missing)


For those cases that are OSHA reportable:
Cumulative number of days away from work: 0
Cumulative number of days of restricted work activity: 0