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Epinet 

Uniform Blood and Body Fluid Exposure Report
77 Hospitals, 1993-1995

Total Cases: 311

JOB CATEGORY
M.D. (attending/staff) 0 0%
M.D. (intern/resident/fellow) 0 0%
Medical student 0 0%
Nurse RN/LPN 0 0%
Nursing student 0 0%
Respiratory therapist 0 0%
Surgery attendant 0 0%
Other attendant 0 0%
Phlebotomist/venipuncture/I.V. team 0 0%
Clinical laboratory worker 0 0%
Technologist (non-lab) 0 0%
Dentist 0 0%
Dental hygienist 0 0%
Housekeeper/laundry worker 0 0%
Other 311 100%
( 0 missing)


PLACE OF OCCURRENCE
Where did the injury occur in the institution?
Patient room 95 31%
Outside patient room 21 7%
Emergency department 42 14%
Intensive/critical care unit 11 4%
Operating room 18 6%
Outpatient clinic/office 8 3%
Blood bank 1 0%
Venipuncture 0 0%
Dialysis facility 0 0%
Procedure room 11 4%
Clinical laboratories 6 2%
Autopsy/pathology 2 1%
Service/utility area 7 2%
Other 88 28%
( 0 missing)


SOURCE PATIENT
Was the source patient known?
Yes 275 88%
No 22 7%
Unknown 7 2%
N/A 6 2%
( 0 missing)


BODY FLUIDS
Which body fluids were involved in the exposure?
Blood or blood product 182 59%
Vomit 10 3%
CSF 3 1%
Peritoneal fluid 1 0%
Pleural fluid 1 0%
Amniotic fluid 2 1%
Urine 29 9%
Other 65 21%


EXPOSED PART
Was the exposed part:
Intact skin 171 55%
Non-intact skin 84 27%
Eye(s) 106 34%
Nose 11 4%
Mouth 34 11%
Other 8 3%


TYPE OF EXPOSURE
Did the blood or body fluid:
Touch unprotected skin 263 85%
Touch skin through gap between protective garments 24 8%
Soak through protective garment 6 2%
Soak through clothing 27 9%


PROTECTIVE ITEMS WORN
Which protective items were worn at the time of the exposure?
Single pair latex/vinyl gloves 121 39%
Double pair latex/vinyl gloves 8 3%
Goggles 6 2%
Eyeglasses 29 9%
Faceshield 1 0%
Surgical mask 18 6%
Surgical gown 21 7%
Plastic apron 1 0%
Lab coat, cloth 23 7%
Lab coat, other 1 0%
Other item 29 9%


RESULT
Was the exposure the result of:
Direct patient exposure 167 54%
Specimen container leaked/spilled 16 5%
Specimen container broke 3 1%
IV tubing/bag/pump leaked 19 6%
Other body fluid container spilled/leaked 17 5%
Touched contaminated equipment 12 4%
Touched contaimnated drapes/sheets, etc. 9 3%
Unknown 3 1%
Other 63 20%
( 0 missing)


TIME IN CONTACT
For how long was the blood or body fluid in contact with your skin or mucous membranes?
Less than 5 minutes 222 71%
5-14 minutes 67 22%
15 minutes - 1 hour 15 5%
More than 1 hour 3 1%
( 2 missing)


QUANTITY
Estimate the quantity of blood/body fluid that came in contact with your skin or mucous membranes:
Small amount (up to 5 cc) 258 83%
Moderate amount (5-50 cc) 40 13%
Large amount (more than 50 cc) 7 2%


BODY PART
Right hand, back 50
Right hand, front 49
Left hand, front 45
Left hand, back 23
Right arm 40
Left arm 31
Head 189
Chest 15
Back 2
Mid-body 2
Right leg 10
Left leg 7
Right foot 5
Left foot 2


OSHA
Is this incident OSHA reportable?
Yes 24 8%
No 230 74%
( 55 missing)


For those cases that are OSHA reportable:
Cumulative number of days away from work: 0
Cumulative number of days of restricted work activity: 0