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Epinet 

Uniform Blood and Body Fluid Exposure Report
77 Hospitals, 1993-1995

Total Cases: 127

JOB CATEGORY
M.D. (attending/staff) 0 0%
M.D. (intern/resident/fellow) 0 0%
Medical student 0 0%
Nurse RN/LPN 0 0%
Nursing student 0 0%
Respiratory therapist 0 0%
Surgery attendant 0 0%
Other attendant 0 0%
Phlebotomist/venipuncture/I.V. team 0 0%
Clinical laboratory worker 127 100%
Technologist (non-lab) 0 0%
Dentist 0 0%
Dental hygienist 0 0%
Housekeeper/laundry worker 0 0%
Other 0 0%
( 0 missing)


PLACE OF OCCURRENCE
Where did the injury occur in the institution?
Patient room 6 5%
Outside patient room 1 1%
Emergency department 8 6%
Intensive/critical care unit 5 4%
Operating room 1 1%
Outpatient clinic/office 1 1%
Blood bank 13 10%
Venipuncture 0 0%
Dialysis facility 0 0%
Procedure room 1 1%
Clinical laboratories 84 66%
Autopsy/pathology 2 2%
Service/utility area 0 0%
Other 5 4%
( 0 missing)


SOURCE PATIENT
Was the source patient known?
Yes 89 70%
No 14 11%
Unknown 15 12%
N/A 9 7%
( 0 missing)


BODY FLUIDS
Which body fluids were involved in the exposure?
Blood or blood product 96 76%
Vomit 2 2%
CSF 2 2%
Peritoneal fluid 0 0%
Pleural fluid 1 1%
Amniotic fluid 0 0%
Urine 6 5%
Other 23 18%


EXPOSED PART
Was the exposed part:
Intact skin 62 49%
Non-intact skin 19 15%
Eye(s) 70 55%
Nose 13 10%
Mouth 13 10%
Other 9 7%


TYPE OF EXPOSURE
Did the blood or body fluid:
Touch unprotected skin 119 94%
Touch skin through gap between protective garments 10 8%
Soak through protective garment 0 0%
Soak through clothing 2 2%


PROTECTIVE ITEMS WORN
Which protective items were worn at the time of the exposure?
Single pair latex/vinyl gloves 94 74%
Double pair latex/vinyl gloves 6 5%
Goggles 3 2%
Eyeglasses 11 9%
Faceshield 7 6%
Surgical mask 6 5%
Surgical gown 13 10%
Plastic apron 1 1%
Lab coat, cloth 49 39%
Lab coat, other 21 17%
Other item 13 10%


RESULT
Was the exposure the result of:
Direct patient exposure 10 8%
Specimen container leaked/spilled 43 34%
Specimen container broke 16 13%
IV tubing/bag/pump leaked 1 1%
Other body fluid container spilled/leaked 12 9%
Touched contaminated equipment 6 5%
Touched contaimnated drapes/sheets, etc. 1 1%
Unknown 0 0%
Other 35 28%
( 0 missing)


TIME IN CONTACT
For how long was the blood or body fluid in contact with your skin or mucous membranes?
Less than 5 minutes 120 94%
5-14 minutes 3 2%
15 minutes - 1 hour 1 1%
More than 1 hour 2 2%
( 1 missing)


QUANTITY
Estimate the quantity of blood/body fluid that came in contact with your skin or mucous membranes:
Small amount (up to 5 cc) 123 97%
Moderate amount (5-50 cc) 3 2%
Large amount (more than 50 cc) 0 0%


BODY PART
Right hand, back 10
Right hand, front 9
Left hand, front 8
Left hand, back 6
Right arm 2
Left arm 1
Head 131
Chest 3
Back 0
Mid-body 0
Right leg 1
Left leg 1
Right foot 1
Left foot 1


OSHA
Is this incident OSHA reportable?
Yes 15 12%
No 88 69%
( 23 missing)


For those cases that are OSHA reportable:
Cumulative number of days away from work: 0
Cumulative number of days of restricted work activity: 0