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Epinet 

Uniform Blood and Body Fluid Exposure Report
77 Hospitals, 1993-1995

Total Cases: 81

JOB CATEGORY
M.D. (attending/staff) 81 100%
M.D. (intern/resident/fellow) 0 0%
Medical student 0 0%
Nurse RN/LPN 0 0%
Nursing student 0 0%
Respiratory therapist 0 0%
Surgery attendant 0 0%
Other attendant 0 0%
Phlebotomist/venipuncture/I.V. team 0 0%
Clinical laboratory worker 0 0%
Technologist (non-lab) 0 0%
Dentist 0 0%
Dental hygienist 0 0%
Housekeeper/laundry worker 0 0%
Other 0 0%
( 0 missing)


PLACE OF OCCURRENCE
Where did the injury occur in the institution?
Patient room 7 9%
Outside patient room 0 0%
Emergency department 14 17%
Intensive/critical care unit 2 2%
Operating room 29 36%
Outpatient clinic/office 5 6%
Blood bank 0 0%
Venipuncture 0 0%
Dialysis facility 0 0%
Procedure room 10 12%
Clinical laboratories 1 1%
Autopsy/pathology 2 2%
Service/utility area 0 0%
Other 9 11%
( 1 missing)


SOURCE PATIENT
Was the source patient known?
Yes 80 99%
No 1 1%
Unknown 0 0%
N/A 0 0%
( 0 missing)


BODY FLUIDS
Which body fluids were involved in the exposure?
Blood or blood product 61 75%
Vomit 1 1%
CSF 1 1%
Peritoneal fluid 1 1%
Pleural fluid 2 2%
Amniotic fluid 5 6%
Urine 0 0%
Other 16 20%


EXPOSED PART
Was the exposed part:
Intact skin 27 33%
Non-intact skin 12 15%
Eye(s) 46 57%
Nose 3 4%
Mouth 9 11%
Other 0 0%


TYPE OF EXPOSURE
Did the blood or body fluid:
Touch unprotected skin 61 75%
Touch skin through gap between protective garments 14 17%
Soak through protective garment 6 7%
Soak through clothing 3 4%


PROTECTIVE ITEMS WORN
Which protective items were worn at the time of the exposure?
Single pair latex/vinyl gloves 49 60%
Double pair latex/vinyl gloves 12 15%
Goggles 3 4%
Eyeglasses 18 22%
Faceshield 7 9%
Surgical mask 29 36%
Surgical gown 34 42%
Plastic apron 2 2%
Lab coat, cloth 7 9%
Lab coat, other 2 2%
Other item 10 12%


RESULT
Was the exposure the result of:
Direct patient exposure 59 73%
Specimen container leaked/spilled 0 0%
Specimen container broke 0 0%
IV tubing/bag/pump leaked 1 1%
Other body fluid container spilled/leaked 4 5%
Touched contaminated equipment 0 0%
Touched contaimnated drapes/sheets, etc. 0 0%
Unknown 1 1%
Other 14 17%
( 0 missing)


TIME IN CONTACT
For how long was the blood or body fluid in contact with your skin or mucous membranes?
Less than 5 minutes 54 67%
5-14 minutes 16 20%
15 minutes - 1 hour 6 7%
More than 1 hour 5 6%
( 0 missing)


QUANTITY
Estimate the quantity of blood/body fluid that came in contact with your skin or mucous membranes:
Small amount (up to 5 cc) 70 86%
Moderate amount (5-50 cc) 8 10%
Large amount (more than 50 cc) 3 4%


BODY PART
Right hand, back 5
Right hand, front 6
Left hand, front 7
Left hand, back 2
Right arm 7
Left arm 3
Head 87
Chest 2
Back 0
Mid-body 0
Right leg 2
Left leg 1
Right foot 2
Left foot 0


OSHA
Is this incident OSHA reportable?
Yes 10 12%
No 45 56%
( 26 missing)


For those cases that are OSHA reportable:
Cumulative number of days away from work: 0
Cumulative number of days of restricted work activity: 0