bbfhe.html

Epinet 

Uniform Blood and Body Fluid Exposure Report
77 Hospitals, 1993-1995

Total Cases: 676

JOB CATEGORY
M.D. (attending/staff) 17 3%
M.D. (intern/resident/fellow) 16 2%
Medical student 3 0%
Nurse RN/LPN 342 51%
Nursing student 3 0%
Respiratory therapist 16 2%
Surgery attendant 14 2%
Other attendant 46 7%
Phlebotomist/venipuncture/I.V. team 21 3%
Clinical laboratory worker 29 4%
Technologist (non-lab) 31 5%
Dentist 0 0%
Dental hygienist 0 0%
Housekeeper/laundry worker 6 1%
Other 124 18%
( 3 missing)


PLACE OF OCCURRENCE
Where did the injury occur in the institution?
Patient room 276 41%
Outside patient room 25 4%
Emergency department 63 9%
Intensive/critical care unit 57 8%
Operating room 45 7%
Outpatient clinic/office 29 4%
Blood bank 2 0%
Venipuncture 1 0%
Dialysis facility 1 0%
Procedure room 41 6%
Clinical laboratories 26 4%
Autopsy/pathology 1 0%
Service/utility area 13 2%
Other 95 14%
( 0 missing)


SOURCE PATIENT
Was the source patient known?
Yes 622 92%
No 632 5%
Unknown 15 2%
N/A 6 1%
( 0 missing)


BODY FLUIDS
Which body fluids were involved in the exposure?
Blood or blood product 507 75%
Vomit 21 3%
CSF 6 1%
Peritoneal fluid 6 1%
Pleural fluid 3 0%
Amniotic fluid 9 1%
Urine 31 5%
Other 101 15%


EXPOSED PART
Was the exposed part:
Intact skin 334 49%
Non-intact skin 352 52%
Eye(s) 51 8%
Nose 8 1%
Mouth 20 3%
Other 18 3%


TYPE OF EXPOSURE
Did the blood or body fluid:
Touch unprotected skin 582 86%
Touch skin through gap between protective garments 63 9%
Soak through protective garment 23 3%
Soak through clothing 17 3%


PROTECTIVE ITEMS WORN
Which protective items were worn at the time of the exposure?
Single pair latex/vinyl gloves 192 28%
Double pair latex/vinyl gloves 16 2%
Goggles 13 2%
Eyeglasses 44 7%
Faceshield 16 2%
Surgical mask 39 6%
Surgical gown 40 6%
Plastic apron 3 0%
Lab coat, cloth 60 9%
Lab coat, other 10 1%
Other item 49 7%


RESULT
Was the exposure the result of:
Direct patient exposure 347 51%
Specimen container leaked/spilled 33 5%
Specimen container broke 23 3%
IV tubing/bag/pump leaked 71 11%
Other body fluid container spilled/leaked 24 4%
Touched contaminated equipment 46 7%
Touched contaimnated drapes/sheets, etc. 28 4%
Unknown 10 1%
Other 91 13%
( 1 missing)


TIME IN CONTACT
For how long was the blood or body fluid in contact with your skin or mucous membranes?
Less than 5 minutes 546 81%
5-14 minutes 95 14%
15 minutes - 1 hour 23 3%
More than 1 hour 5 1%
( 5 missing)


QUANTITY
Estimate the quantity of blood/body fluid that came in contact with your skin or mucous membranes:
Small amount (up to 5 cc) 563 83%
Moderate amount (5-50 cc) 81 12%
Large amount (more than 50 cc) 22 3%


BODY PART
Right hand, back 267
Right hand, front 247
Left hand, front 228
Left hand, back 133
Right arm 15
Left arm 17
Head 40
Chest 4
Back 0
Mid-body 0
Right leg 6
Left leg 4
Right foot 0
Left foot 0


OSHA
Is this incident OSHA reportable?
Yes 66 10%
No 481 71%
( 125 missing)


For those cases that are OSHA reportable:
Cumulative number of days away from work: 0
Cumulative number of days of restricted work activity: 0