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Epinet 

Uniform Blood and Body Fluid Exposure Report
77 Hospitals, 1993-1995

Total Cases: 1437

JOB CATEGORY
M.D. (attending/staff) 59 4%
M.D. (intern/resident/fellow) 80 6%
Medical student 13 1%
Nurse RN/LPN 771 54%
Nursing student 5 0%
Respiratory therapist 47 3%
Surgery attendant 33 2%
Other attendant 118 8%
Phlebotomist/venipuncture/I.V. team 31 2%
Clinical laboratory worker 10 1%
Technologist (non-lab) 82 6%
Dentist 0 0%
Dental hygienist 1 0%
Housekeeper/laundry worker 3 0%
Other 167 12%
( 2 missing)


PLACE OF OCCURRENCE
Where did the injury occur in the institution?
Patient room 646 45%
Outside patient room 48 3%
Emergency department 167 12%
Intensive/critical care unit 146 10%
Operating room 149 10%
Outpatient clinic/office 48 3%
Blood bank 1 0%
Venipuncture 2 0%
Dialysis facility 4 0%
Procedure room 70 5%
Clinical laboratories 3 0%
Autopsy/pathology 4 0%
Service/utility area 3 0%
Other 139 10%
( 1 missing)


SOURCE PATIENT
Was the source patient known?
Yes 1406 98%
No 13 1%
Unknown 10 1%
N/A 5 0%
( 1 missing)


BODY FLUIDS
Which body fluids were involved in the exposure?
Blood or blood product 858 60%
Vomit 95 7%
CSF 2 0%
Peritoneal fluid 5 0%
Pleural fluid 12 1%
Amniotic fluid 40 3%
Urine 78 5%
Other 393 27%


EXPOSED PART
Was the exposed part:
Intact skin 605 42%
Non-intact skin 322 22%
Eye(s) 680 47%
Nose 61 4%
Mouth 174 12%
Other 36 3%


TYPE OF EXPOSURE
Did the blood or body fluid:
Touch unprotected skin 1233 86%
Touch skin through gap between protective garments 136 9%
Soak through protective garment 37 3%
Soak through clothing 91 6%


PROTECTIVE ITEMS WORN
Which protective items were worn at the time of the exposure?
Single pair latex/vinyl gloves 767 53%
Double pair latex/vinyl gloves 94 7%
Goggles 54 4%
Eyeglasses 182 13%
Faceshield 51 4%
Surgical mask 180 13%
Surgical gown 165 11%
Plastic apron 10 1%
Lab coat, cloth 106 7%
Lab coat, other 15 1%
Other item 107 7%


RESULT
Was the exposure the result of:
Direct patient exposure 1437 100%
Specimen container leaked/spilled 0 0%
Specimen container broke 0 0%
IV tubing/bag/pump leaked 0 0%
Other body fluid container spilled/leaked 0 0%
Touched contaminated equipment 0 0%
Touched contaimnated drapes/sheets, etc. 0 0%
Unknown 0 0%
Other 0 0%
( 0 missing)


TIME IN CONTACT
For how long was the blood or body fluid in contact with your skin or mucous membranes?
Less than 5 minutes 1066 74%
5-14 minutes 237 16%
15 minutes - 1 hour 95 7%
More than 1 hour 28 2%
( 7 missing)


QUANTITY
Estimate the quantity of blood/body fluid that came in contact with your skin or mucous membranes:
Small amount (up to 5 cc) 1222 85%
Moderate amount (5-50 cc) 159 11%
Large amount (more than 50 cc) 46 3%


BODY PART
Right hand, back 127
Right hand, front 126
Left hand, front 118
Left hand, back 79
Right arm 140
Left arm 99
Head 1316
Chest 50
Back 3
Mid-body 13
Right leg 22
Left leg 19
Right foot 6
Left foot 4


OSHA
Is this incident OSHA reportable?
Yes 175 12%
No 977 68%
( 277 missing)


For those cases that are OSHA reportable:
Cumulative number of days away from work: 0
Cumulative number of days of restricted work activity: 0