2002 Blood and Body Report

Epinet


Uniform Blood and Body Fluid Exposure Report
47 Hospitals, 2002

Total Cases: 469
Total Average Daily Census: 7,431

JOB CATEGORY

M.D. (attending/staff)

25

5%

M.D. (intern/resident/fellow)

31

7%

Medical student

3

1%

Nurse RN/LPN/NP/CRNA/Midwife

210

45%

Nursing student

5

1%

Other student

3

1%

Respiratory therapist

17

4%

Surgery attendant

22

5%

Other attendant

15

3%

Phlebotomist/venipuncture/I.V. team

8

2%

Clinical laboratory worker

16

3%

Technologist (non-lab)

30

6%

Dentist

0

0%

Dental hygienist

0

0%

Housekeeper/laundry worker

5

1%

Paramedic

6

1%

CNA/HHA

26

6%

Security

3

1%

Other

42

9%

(467 records)

 

 

 

PLACE OF OCCURRENCE

Where did the injury occur in the institution?

Patient room                                                              

177

38%

Outside patient room

10

2%

Emergency department

54

12%

Intensive/critical care unit

41

9%

Operating room/recovery

75

16%

Outpatient clinic/office

6

1%

Blood bank

1

0%

Venipuncture center

1

0%

Dialysis facility

1

0%

Procedure room

33

7%

Clinical laboratories

19

4%

Autopsy/pathology

0

0%

Service/utility area

2

0%

Labor and delivery

23

5%

Home-care

0

0%

Other

25

5%

(468 records)

 

 

 

SOURCE PATIENT

Was the source patient known?

Yes                                                                                   

440

96%

No

14

3%

Unknown

4

1%

N/A

2

0%

(460 records)

 

 

 

BODY FLUIDS

Which body fluids were involved in the exposure?

Blood or blood product                                            

356

76%

Vomit

11

2%

Sputum

42

9%

Saliva

34

7%

CSF

1

0%

Peritoneal fluid

2

0%

Pleural fluid

6

1%

Amniotic fluid

12

3%

Urine

14

3%

Other

48

10%

 

 

 

EXPOSED PART

Was the exposed part:

Intact skin                                      

201

43%

Non-intact skin

71

15%

Eye(s)

265

57%

Nose

10

2%

Mouth

43

9%

Other

11

2%

 

 

 

TYPE OF EXPOSURE

Did the blood or body fluid:

Touch unprotected skin                                                       

376      

84%    

Touch skin through gap between protective garments

46

10%

Soak through protective garment

11

3%

Soak through clothing

15

3%

 

 

 

PROTECTIVE ITEMS WORN

Which protective items were worn at the time of the exposure?

Single pair latex/vinyl gloves                  

287

61%

Double pair latex/vinyl gloves

31

7%

Goggles

17

4%

Eyeglasses (not protective)

50

11%

Eyeglasses with sideshields

7

2%

Faceshield

23

5%

Surgical mask

64   

14%

Surgical gown

60

13%

Plastic apron

2

0%

Lab coat, cloth (not protective)

26

6%

Lab coat, other

9

2%

Other item

53

11%

 

 

 

RESULT

Was the exposure the result of:

Direct patient contact

211   

46%   

Specimen container leaked/spilled

22

5%

Specimen container broke

5

1%

IV tubing/bag/pump leaked

28

6%

Other body fluid container spilled/leaked

23

5%

Touched contaminated equipment/surface

11

2%

Touched contaminated drapes/sheets, etc.

4

1%

Feeding/ventilator/other tube separated/leaked/spilled

55

12%

Unknown

2

0%

Other

98

21%

(459 records)

 

 

 

TIME IN CONTACT

For how long was the blood or body fluid in contact with your skin or mucous membranes?

Less than 5 minutes                                                            

372

81%

5-14 minutes                                                                              

52

11%

15 minutes - 1 hour            

32

7%

More than 1 hour

6

1%

(462 records)

 

 

 

QUANTITY

Estimate the quantity of blood/body fluid that came in contact with your skin or mucous membranes:

Small amount (up to 5 cc)

406

88%

Moderate amount (5-50 cc)

40

9%

Large amount (more than 50 cc)

13

3%

(459 records)

 

 

 

BODY PART

Right hand        

57

Left hand

55

Arm

52

Face/Head

472

Front/Chest

31

Leg

12

Foot

3

Back

2